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Australian The chocolate Debate 18

Breed Standard

The Chocolate Debate 18



Click Here: Australian Terrier Club of America final letter on color 2-9-18

Clarification of the Acceptable Colors of the Australian Terrier The Australian Terrier Club of America, Inc. (ATCA) Board of Directors voted to issue this statement to all AKC Judges licensed to judge Australian Terriers. ATCA is extremely concerned about the introduction of Non-standard colors into the breed without knowledge or understanding of the genetic impact on the breed in the areas of health as well as coat color, eye color and pigment in the eye rims and the nose. To address questions concerning the introduction of non-standard colors of Australian Terriers into the AKC conformation ring, the Australian Terrier Club of America wants to clarify the acceptable colors and markings of the Australian Terrier. We must distinguish between breed standard color description and registration color description. The Standard addresses color in the following sections: General Appearance A small, sturdy, medium-boned working terrier, rather long in proportion to height with pricked ears and docked tail. Blue and tan, solid sandy or solid red in color, with harsh-textured outer coat, a distinctive ruff and apron, and a soft, silky topknot. As befits their heritage as versatile workers, Australian Terriers are sound and free moving with good reach and drive. Their expression keen and intelligent; their manner spirited and self-assured. Color and Markings Colors: Blue and tan, solid sandy, and solid red. Blue and Tan Blue: dark blue, steel-blue, dark gray-blue, or silver-blue. In silver-blues, each hair carries blue and silver alternating with the darker color at the tips. Tan markings (not applicable to Sandy or Red, see below): as rich as possible, on face, ears, underbody, lower legs and feet, and around vent. The richer the color and more clearly defined, the better. Topknot- Silver or a lighter shade than head color. Sandy or Red Any shade of solid sandy or solid red, the clearer the better. Topknot- Silver or a lighter shade of body coat. The standard colors are; blue and tan, solid sandy or solid red. Any non-standard color (e.g. brown/tan or liver/tan) would not be consistent with the approved breed standard. ATCA appreciates that judges desire to uphold the integrity of the Australian Terrier breed and hopes that this information will assist in your judging the salient characteristics of our breed

On 02/03/2018 22:38, gilliansouthoz@gmail.com wrote:

I read with interest the article about a chocolate coated!! Australian Terrier by a contributor in USA, and Sheila Stoddart's excellent response. There are breeders who think anything they breed is perfect, but promoting a puppy with a major fault from an unethically close mating is not the sort of practice to use it to change the breed to match.
The show ring is a showcase of the breeds, and used to promote the better specimens that we all aim for in our breeding programmes. A dog that colour would be asked to leave the judging ring in Australia, and it would be a very bad advertisement for the breeder.
I have attached an article that appeared recently in our AUSSIE NEWS of the Australian Terrier Club of South Australia, written with information gleaned by many of the older and respected Australian Terrier breeders in Australia.
Gillian Bartlett,
Teraustralis Australian Terriers

Chocolate Australian Terriers AUSSIE NEWS of the Australian Terrier Club of South Australia

The subject of ‘Chocolate’ Australian  Terriers has been raised recently since an overseas breeder has proudly mentioned she has such a ‘rare’ dog.
This is not in the defining Standard of the Breed, and is not correct in a pure bred Australian Terrier today.
After researching the colour with experienced older breeders and reference books, it seems that ‘Chocolate ‘ dogs   appeared in the late 1940s, often with white feet as well.   There were rumours of imported dogs being used in the breeding, mainly the Irish Terrier, to improve heads and coats.  It was strongly rumoured, but no one would admit it publically.
The ’Chocolate Aussie’ today is caused by a recessive genes from old blood lines doubled up in the breeding -  it is an indication that some of its ancestors were cross-breeds.    The cross mating from the Irish Terriers also produced aggression in the breed. Recessive genes can be hidden and passed down in successive generations for many years.
Cross colour matings were often done, and the Aussies that were remembered as having smutty or grizzly coats were those of almost blue and tan ancestry. However, when interbreeding of the two colours is attempted for valid reasons of type, conformation or temperament, research has shown the resulting progeny should be bred true to colour for no less than the next three generations.
From Pam Douglas’ book:
In the red and sandies that were never cross-coloured., eventually the pigmentation was diluted to the point of  producing light brown eyes, toe nails and pink eye rims and lips. Interestingly, test matings researched have revealed that after the third or fourth generation of repeated cross colour matings, a large percentage of adult coats in both the sandies and  reds and the blue and tans had the wrong coloured undercoats and were very smutty.   So called ‘chocolate puppies’ were then seen.


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